Questions that challenge student thinking . . .


Why? 5 Whys
What would happen if . . . ?
How can we plan to avoid . . . ?
Who should be responsible for . . . ?
Why did . . . ?
What can you do about . . . ?
How would you feel if . . . ?
What possible reasons might there be for . . . ?
What evidence do you have to support your view that . . . ?
How could you gather evidence to support / challenge the view that . . . ?

Socratic Questions

Questions of Clarification
  • What do you mean by that?
  • Can you give me an example?
Questions that probe assumptions
  • What is being assumed?
  • Why would somebody say that?
Questions that probe reason and evidence
  • What are your reasons for saying that?
  • What criteria do you base that argument on?
Questions that probe implications and consequences
  • What might be the consequences of behaving like that?
  • Do you think you might be jumping to conclusions?
Questions about viewpoints or perspectives
  • What would be another way of saying that?
  • How do Maria’s ideas differ from Peter’s
Questions about questions
  • How is that question going to help us?
  • Can you think of any other questions that might be useful?